A Beginner's Guide to Putlocker
Putlocker describes various online file hosting index sites utilized for streaming home entertainment media, especially films and television series, free of charge. The preliminary site came from in the United Kingdom as early as 2011, and grew to receive millions of day-to-day visitors after the shutdown of Megaupload. In Might 2016, the site was blocked in the UK by a High Court order,  and at its peak prior to a temporary closure in late 2016, Alexa Web noted Putlocker as ranking amongst the top 250 most-visited websites worldwide. Putlocker has been reported by the Movie Association of America (MPAA) as a major piracy risk.
Putlocker's domain address has altered several times throughout its history, with a number of URLs bearing the Putlocker name being suspended or seized. It is not publicly recognized whether a main Putlocker website maintained by the initial group stays readily available online, but at least fifty mirror or proxy websites, a number of which use the Putlocker name, have been identified.
Putlocker originated in the UK under the URL putlocker.com. In early January 2012, the site received about 800,000 visitors a day, but after the popular site Megaupload was closed down due to copyright infringement, Putlocker began getting roughly 1.6 million visitors a day The website's operations officer, Adrian Petroff, found Megaupload's closure fretting, specifying "who needs SOPA when a studio exec can make a wish/hit list and websites 'willingly' closed down?"
In March 2012, Putlocker was recognized by Alfred Perry, vice president for around the world material protection at Paramount Pictures, as one of the "top 5 rogue cyberlocker services".  The site's URL was changed to putlocker.bz, an address which was seized by the Cops Copyright Criminal Offense Unit of the UK in June 2014, and was consequently altered to putlocker.is, a domain located in Iceland.
From around early October 2016, the putlocker.is address displayed a mistake specifying that the website's host service was unattainable.  Around this time, the Movement Photo Association of America (MPAA) reported Putlocker to the Office of the United States Trade Agent as a piracy danger. The MPAA revealed that Putlocker ran from Vietnam, which its servers were hosted by the Swiss company Private Layer.
Prior to its closure, putlocker.is was listed among the 250 top sites worldwide and the top 150 in the United States, according to Alexa information. A mirror website under the address putlocker.today appeared shortly after the assumed termination of putlocker.is, and on October 17, 2016, an address under the name putlocker9.com was reported to be available.
On 2 November 2016, the putlocker.is address became active once again, rerouting its users to the upgraded URL putlockers.ch.On 27 February 2017, the putlockers.ch address was suspended after a ruling by a Tribunal d'arrondissement of Luxembourg in favour of the Belgian Entertainment Association, and the URL transferred ownership to EuroDNS. The chief legal officer of EuroDNS, Luc Seufer, specified that EuroDNS is required to "avoid any 'reactivation' of this domain name [putlockers.ch] until its expiration date". Following the seizure of the putlockers.ch address, the formerly used putlocker.is domain was made functional once again.
In website March 2017, it was reported that Ted Osius, then United States Ambassador to Vietnam, held a meeting with Truong Minh Tuan, Vietnam's Minister of Details and Communications, throughout which Osius urged for the prosecution of Putlocker, together with the websites 123Movies and KissCartoon, for copyright violation.
Not long after, putlocker.is, which altered to putlockertv.is and subsequently putlockers.cc, was reported to reroute visitors to a scamming site.  In May 2017, at least 3 working sites bearing the Putlocker name were understood to be offered: putlocker.rs, with a Serbian top-level domain (TLD), putlockertv.ist, with an Istanbulite TLD, and putlockerhd.is, with an Icelandic one.
In July 2017, the International Organisation Times reported that "15% of internet users in the UK are either infringing copyright through streaming or illegal downloads, with pirated TELEVISION material mostly accessed through Kodi (16%) or Putlocker (17%)".  In August 2017, Justice John Nicholas of the Federal Court of Australia purchased Australian internet service suppliers to block access to 42 piracy sites in a case brought by Town Roadshow, with Putlocker, KissCartoon, and GoMovies being among those bought to be blocked.
In June 2018, Trevon Maurice Franklin of Fresno, California pleaded guilty to violating federal copyright law back in February 2016, when he downloaded the superhero movie Deadpool from Putlocker and then published it to Facebook eight days after the film was launched theatrically in the United States.  As a result, the movie was viewed over 6 million times for complimentary, with the overall retail value of the copies being approximated at around $2,500.  U.S. District Judge John A. Kronstadt set 27 September as the sentencing date for the federal class-A misdemeanor, which carries a possible charge of as much as one year in prison, together with a $100,000 fine.  After missing the September 27 sentencing hearing, Franklin was sentenced in October to 24 days in federal detention followed by a year of monitored release, including 20 hours of social work each week.